PSP is a progressive brain disease, leading to the death of nerve endings (neurons) in the area of the brain controlling balance, vision, movement, speech and swallowing. Symptoms reflect problems in these areas; however, the severity and progression varies considerably from one individual to another.
RLS is characterised by intense discomfort within the legs, and an unremitting urge to move them. It results in what may be described as a crawling, bubbling or jerking feeling in the legs and other part of the body. Movement relieves the sensation, but the relief is short-lived.
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder, which can affect any organ of the body, most commonly the lungs, skin and eyes. Cells cluster together in tiny nodules or sarcoid granulomas, as an inflammatory response to infection or another cause. The disease can range from a mild, self-limiting condition to a severe, chronic and progressive illness.
Useful national contacts
SarcoidosisUK (formerly SILA Sarcoidosis and Interstitial Lung Association) http://sarcoidosisuk.org UK Toll Free: 0800 014 8821
Spina Bifida (split spine) is a fault in the spinal column, in which one or more of the vertebrae fail to form properly, thereby leaving a gap. It occurs early in pregnancy and is therefore present at birth.
Spina Bifida Occulta is a very mild form, which may only be evident as dimpling of the skin or a hairy patch.
Spina Bifida Cystica is a form where a sac or cyst is visible on the back. If the sac contains nerves and part of the spinal cord, it is known as a Myelomeningocele and will result in some degree of paralysis and disability. If it contains tissue and cerebro-spinal fluid, it is called a Meningocoele and is unlikely to cause disability.
Hydrocephalus is a build-up of C.S.F. (cerebro-spinal fluid) in the brain, and many people with Spina Bifida have Hydrocephalus. SeeHydrocephalus for more information.
Spinal cord tumours are abnormal growths of tissue within the spinal column and are mostly benign. They tend to develop very slowly and worsen over time, unless treated. Symptoms include pain, sensory changes, and motor problems.
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Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord, which results in a loss of function, such as mobility or feeling. Most spinal cord damage occurs as a result of physical injury, such as car accidents, gunshot, falls etc. The level of injury and extent of paralysis depends on where the spinal cord was damaged and how severely. The spinal cord is divided into four sections:
Cervical (C) - the neck region
Thoracic (T) - the chest region
Lumbar (L) - the lower back region
Sacral (S) - the tailbone region
Each of these regions has a number of vertebrae and spinal nerves, and thus the site of the damage may be described as, for example, L3, or C 4.
Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM)
Symptoms of Stiff-Person Syndrome
"Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a very rare disease affecting only one or two people per million. It causes progressive muscle stiffness and painful spasms that can be triggered by a variety of things including sudden movement, cold temperature or unexpected loud noises."
"SPS does not appear to differentiate between sex, colour, or creed, although UK evidence tends to suggest women are more likely to fall victim to SPS. SPS is a neurological condition believed to be of auto-immune origin. It is unique among neurological diagnoses due to its lack of significant similarity to any other neurological diseases. Although rare, once observed it is quite unforgettable. Because of its rarity, many neurologists and GPs are not aware of the condition. In most cases, the first symptoms are insidious and victims are often initially misdiagnosed with anxiety or depression. The onset is most frequent between the third and fourth decades of life."
"Reports of pediatric-onset stiff-man syndrome (SMS) are rare. This may be an underrecognized disorder in child neurology practice." (U.S. National Center for Biotechnolocgy Information) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4819072
A subarachnoid haemorrhage is an uncommon type of stroke caused by bleeding on the surface of the brain. It's a very serious condition and can be fatal.
SAH is a sudden bleeding over the surface of the brain, under the arachnoid layer. Bleeding usually originates from a ruptured aneurysm or an arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The most common symptom is a sudden, severe headache, often followed by a loss of consciousness.
"Tinnitus is often described as a ringing in the ears. It also can sound like roaring, clicking, hissing, or buzzing. It may be soft or loud, high pitched or low pitched. You might hear it in either one or both ears."
Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder characterised by multiple tics, which are sudden, repetitive involuntary movements and sounds. The condition varies greatly in its severity. Children may also have other behavioural problems.
Transverse Myelitis is a rare neurological disorder caused by inflammation of the spinal cord across one level of the cord. The main symptoms of the disease are reduced muscle strength and altered sensation below the affected area.
Trigeminal Neuralgia is an extremely severe facial pain, which tends to come and go unpredictably in sudden shock-like attacks. The pain is along the pathway of the trigeminal nerve, typically the upper or lower jaw or the cheek, and is usually confined to one side of the face.
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Tuberous Sclerosis is a complex multi-system disorder, which produces tuber-like growths on the brain. These calcify with age, and can also be found on other organs including the heart, skin and kidneys. It affects people in many different ways and with varying severity.
"Vertigo is a symptom rather than a condition. It is defined as an illusion of movement and is a specific type of dizziness which causes the person to feel the sensation that they or their surroundings are moving, even if they are standing completely still.
"Some people describe vertigo as feeling ‘wobbly’ or the sensation of spinning, swaying and dizziness. Episodes of vertigo can vary from seconds, minutes to a couple of hours, however bouts of vertigo can last for days.
"Vertigo is a symptom of many different conditions and can happen to people of all ages. There are many causes of vertigo and other disorders of balance. It is very important to find out the cause of your dizziness and you should see your General Practitioner for advice, treatment and referral to a specialist if necessary."
"Vestibular migraine (also referred to as migrainous vertigo, migraine-related dizziness, vestibular migraine or migraine with prominent vertigo) is a type of migraine where people experience a combination of vertigo, dizziness or balance problems with other migraine symptoms."